This week – 2 January 1293

John Balliol released Edward I from the terms of the Treaty of Birgham. The Treaty of Birgham, drawn up in 1290, stipulated that Scotland was to remain separate and divided from England upon the marriage of the Margaret, Maid of Norway and Prince Edward of England. The marriage however, never took place as the Maid died en route to Scotland in September 1290. Once Balliol became king, the Comyn faction urged Edward I to observe the promises made in the treaty. Edward, however, quickly procured from Balliol a release of various agreements including the treaty and other documents concerning the independence of Scotland.

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